Site search

How to use the site

By , logo. Last updated: 2019-04-05

Different formatting is used throughout the site for better understanding and finding information:

  • Keyboard shortcuts - for example, Alt+F, Ctrl+Alt+Del, Windows key+E. Here Alt+F means holding down the Alt key and pressing the F key on your keyboard. Ctrl+Alt+Del means holding down Ctrl and Alt keys simultaneously and pressing the Del key.
    You can access menus, run commands and programs, move around different windows, etc with keyboard shortcuts.
  • Menus, menu items, and buttons - for example, choosing Save command from the File menu or clicking OK button.
  • Tabs - for example, choosing the Advanced tab from Start menu customization.
  • Commands - commands you must type and then execute pressing Enter (Return) key. For example, dir in Windows command prompt gives you a list of files and folders under the current folder.
  • <variable> - a variable is something that has no fixed value. This could be <drive letter>, <version number>, <last action name> or anything else really. For example, when a command line is specified as dir <drive letter> and you want to see a list of files on Local Drive C:, you should replace variable with "C:" and therefore type dir C:.

Using the mouse or touch screen

Throughout the articles, I'll use short words such as "click", "touch" and "right-click" for mouse actions. By "click" I mean something you do with your mouse button(s) and by "press" I mean something you do with your keyboard buttons. Do not mix them up! Smile

  • Click - you press and release your mouse's left button once. This is used to activate items on desktop and in programs; the action also opens menus and launches menu items.
    Touch screen equivalent is called touch - you press an item once and then lift your finger.
  • Double-click - you press and release your mouse's left button twice within a second. This is used to run programs and items on the desktop, open folders, etc. Touch screen owners rarely need to double-tap items.
  • Right-click - you press and release your mouse's right button once. This is used to open items' submenus. On touch screens, the equivalent is touch and hold for a second.
  • Click and hold or drag - you press and hold your mouse's left button down. This is used to move items to another place. For example, you click and hold on My Documents icon on Desktop, drag it onto My Computer icon and then release the mouse button. On touch screens, dragging works the same way (but using your finger).
  • Choose or select - same as click or touch.

Special keys on the keyboard

Keyboards have different layouts for different languages. Additionally, laptop keyboards are smaller and have some keys reordered. Some keyboards have labels on special keys, some have only symbols. But their position on the keyboard is usually the same. I will use a standard US layout to explain where most confusing keys are.

Please note that not all keyboards have Windows and Menu keys!
Standard PC keyboard layout for United States

  • Backspace - looks like a long arrow pointing to the left. It is located in the right part of the second row from the top.
    Backspace key on keyboard
  • Tab - looks like two arrows on pointing to the left and to the right. It is located in the leftmost part of the third row from the top.
    Tab key on keyboard
  • Enter (also called Return) - looks like an arrow pointing down to the left. It is located in the right part of the fourth row from the top. On many non-US keyboards Enter key is the tallest key on the keyboard and it is located in the right part of the third row from the top, covering two rows.
    Enter key on keyboard or Enter key on non-US keyboard
  • Shift - looks like a thick arrow pointing up. It is located in the leftmost part of the fifth row from the top.
    Shift key on keyboard
  • Space - the longest key on the keyboard. It is located in the middle of the bottom row.
    Space key on keyboard
  • Windows Key or Windows Logo - looks like a flying Windows logo or a flying flag. It is located in the bottom row, between Ctrl and Alt keys, to the left of Space key.
    Windows Key on keyboard or Windows Key on keyboard (variation)
  • Menu key - looks like a mouse pointer on the menu. It is located in the bottom row, between Windows Key and Ctrl key (on desktop computer keyboards) or between Alt or Alt Gr key and Ctrl key (on laptop computer keyboards), to the right of Space key.
    Menu key on keyboard
  • Arrow keys - arrows pointing up, left, down and right.
    Arrow keys on keyboard
  • Numpad keys - these keys are found on desktop computer keyboards only. Functions of these keys are controlled by Num Lock key. If Num Lock is turned on (Num Lock light is lit), the keys with two labels function as number keys. Otherwise, they function as arrow keys.
    Numpad keys on keyboard

Links to other pages on this site and links to other websites

There are two different types of hyperlinks here and you can distinguish between them easily:

Notice that hyperlinks leading to other websites have a small icon behind them. These links also open in a new browser window or tab, depending on your browser settings.

On some pages, parts of contents are hidden in special areas for better readability. These areas are indicated with the small arrow icon displayed below:

Click here to show or hide the special area

If you can see this, the area has been expanded and you can see its contents.

Note on version numbers on images

As creating this site's content took a long time, the version numbers on images are often out of date. Please do not pay much attention to versions on instructional images, always use the latest version available. If a program changes radically, I will update the article and its images within a month or so.

Using Search

You can look for content on this web site by entering keywords in the Google Custom Search box (above the title of a page) and clicking the Search button. You can use one or more keywords. Basic word stemming is turned on, so if you enter "virus" for a keyword, the search also finds articles that include "virus", "viruses", "antivirus", etc.

To search in contents of the currently open page, use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+F and type the word or phrase you are looking for. If your browser does not locate the word automatically, press Enter key.

The article How to use the site appeared first on


Ctrl+F searches in the contents

Next: FAQ
Previous: Home of Windows self-learning